By Hans-Johann Glock
This lucid and obtainable dictionary provides technical phrases that Wittgenstein brought into philosophical debate or reworked considerably, and in addition issues to which he made a considerable contribution. Hans-Johann Glock areas Wittgenstein's principles of their relevance to present debates. The entries delineate Wittgenstein's strains of argument on specific concerns, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and make clear primary exegetical controversies.The dictionary entries are prefaced through a 'Sketch of a highbrow Biography', which hyperlinks the fundamental subject matters of the early and later philosophy and describes the final improvement of Wittgenstein's pondering. large textual references, an in depth index and an annotated bibliography will facilitate additional research. Authoritative, accomplished and transparent, the amount could be welcomed via a person with an curiosity in Wittgenstein - his existence, paintings or influence.Each Blackwell thinker Dictionary provides the existence and paintings of anyone thinker in a scholarly yet available demeanour. Entries hide key principles and techniques, in addition to the most topics of the philosopher's works. A complete biographical caricature can be integrated.
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Additional info for A Wittgenstein Dictionary
We can decide that the path leading to the contra diction is not a proper derivation within the system. The rules we have operated commit us only to what can be generated through their straightfor ward application, not to what can be added. Equally, no meta-mathematical discovery could produce a system immune to the possibility of such con structions. Certainty of this kind could only be achieved by a 'good angel' (RFM 378; LFM 221-4; see MATHEMATICAL PROOF). arithmetic could be overturned by recherche discoveries in mathematical logic, a difficulty which lends support to Wittgenstein's suggestion 'that Fre ge's and Russell's logic is not the foundation of arithmetic anyway' (LFM 228; WVC 149; RFM 400-1).
He makes a few points to distinguish the reasons for believing that p or for Oing from the causes, often in the context of criticizing Freud's view of psychoanalytic explanations as causal (though unfortunately without developing them at any length). 74 (a) The concept of a reason is that of a step in reasoning, which is a tran sition from one assertion or thought to another: 'Giving a reason is like giving a calculation by which you have arrived at a certain result' (BB 14— 15; RFM 39; AWL 4-5; LC 21-2; PI §§489-90).
We distinguish the reason for Oing from other reasons by reference not to the presence of a causal connection, but to the context of the action, notably to what reasons have previously weighed with the agent in similar circumstances. Indeed, there need not be a pre-estab lished connection between the action and the reason. Often it is only the agent's sincere avowal which determines why he did it, although sometimes the context provides grounds for rejecting such avowals as based on selfdeception (contextualist elements are also central to Wittgenstein's attacks on causal conceptions of the WILL).