By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the newest, groundbreaking archaeological examine, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the heritage of historical Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the nice within the fourth century BCE until eventually the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with historical literary resources (including the Bible) to supply a sustained evaluate of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular alterations that impacted international heritage in the course of the Greco-Roman period.
The authors display how the transformation of the traditional close to East lower than the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans resulted in foundational adjustments in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule by way of the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire offer a history for the emergence of Christianity. The authors discover within the archaeological checklist how Judaism and Christianity have been almost undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The purely book-length evaluate to be had that makes a speciality of the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this complete and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.
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Extra info for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
Remains of two such towers are visible, and it is likely that a third stood where the so-called Citadel of David, a Herodian foundation with substantial later additions, stands. At some point—estimates range from the reign of Jonathan to that of John Hyrcanus—the Hasmoneans more fully enclosed the city’s new territory with a major defensive wall equipped with additional towers. A 200-meter stretch of this wall made of ashlars and ﬁeldstones ran roughly along the line of later Ottoman defenses from the Citadel of David toward the southwest corner of the modern Old City, with segments still visible in the lower courses of the Ottoman wall.
At middle is one of two subtypes of the most common from of Yehud stamp impression, counting 175 examples. These impressions read yh, dropping the daled. e. The bottom example, known only from Ramat Rahel, has been read by Lipschits and Vanderhooft as an overlapping yod and he, a variation on the preceding example, and perhaps a transitional type between earlier yh stamp impressions and later types. e. can be suggested. e. Yehud coins from the same period have been most helpful in establishing a chronology using paleographical analysis.
Inhabitants at many sites had imported wine from Rhodes and other Aegean islands, red-slipped pottery such as Eastern Sigillata A from Phoenician cities, and round lamps and various luxury goods. Now, these products began disappearing, their place taken by locally manufactured wares. , a new large square-rimmed jar replaced earlier forms, and the boundaries of its usage conform closely to those of the Hasmonean kingdom. Such jars were intended to hold liquids, and Berlin suggests that they were probably used for olive oil and wine.