Download Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency by Philomen Probert PDF

By Philomen Probert

The accessory of many Greek phrases has lengthy been thought of arbitrary, yet Philomen Probert issues to a few remarkable correlations among accentuation and a word's synchronic morphological transparency, and among accentuation and notice frequency, that provide clues to the prehistory of the accessory procedure. Bringing jointly comparative proof for the Indo-European accentuation of the suitable different types with contemporary insights into the results that lack of transparency and notice frequency have on language swap, Probert makes use of the synchronically observable correlations to bridge the space among the accentuation styles reconstructable for Indo-European and people without delay attested for Greek from the Hellenistic interval onwards.

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Xix–xx). g. Arc. 73. 4–5 on Koine âÆıíüò vs. Attic âÆFíïò ‘furnace’. 29 See EM 804. 20; Sch. Ar. Eq. 487a; Velsen (1853: 10). 30 Book 1 of Trypho’s —åæd š`ôôØŒBò ðæïófiøäßÆò is cited for the Attic accentuation of âÆFíïò ‘furnace’ (Hrd. fr. 31 The other grammarians cited in Hunger’s fragments conWrm the impression given by the Homeric scholia that Herodian’s sources were largely grammarians trained in the Alexandrian tradition. A lost work by the Alexandrian Didymus (Wrst century bc), ïƒ ìíçìÜô{ôÆØ, perhaps a collection of model funeral speeches, is cited, though we do not know for what (Hrd.

Ar. Ra. 303a, b, d; Sch. rec. Ar. Ra. 303c, f; Tz. Ar. Ra. 303a. 1 Evidence for the Greek Accent 19 discussion, and in particular the discussion in writing, of questions relating particularly to speech, such as accentuation. Written discussions of accent are diYcult without a system for writing the accents and a set of terms for referring to them, and it is possible that Aristotle and the sophists employed some lectional signs to indicate accentuation in written discussion of such questions (so Laum 1928: 105–8).

This accusative plural marker *-ns is also responsible (in a postconsonantal form *-ns) for the -Æò of ðÆôÝæÆò, ˚ there are various possible which goes back to *pate´rns. g. the -ïı- of ºØªıæïýò, as belonging synchronically both to the derivational suYx (or simply to the stem, in the case of a second- or Wrst-declension word with synchronically unanalysable stem) and to the ending. The term ‘Indo-European’ (abbreviated IE) is used both as an adjective applying to the languages regarded as sharing the language family that includes ancient Greek, and as a noun denoting the parent language of this family.

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