By Regna Darnell
An exam of Americanist anthropology, in response to Boasian and Powellist rules and centering at the center of the continuity throughout paradigm transition.
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Extra resources for And Along Came Boas: Continuity and Revolution in Americanist Anthropology
S . government auspices. Gatschet had some training in Indo-European philology in Europe. Jeremiah Curtin (1835-1906) was a statesman and world traveller. Jesse Walter Fewkes (1850-1930) received a Harvard P h . D . under Louis Agassiz (1807-1873; cf. Lurie 1974) and ran the Harvard Zoological M u s e u m before turning to the archaeology and folklore of the American Southwest. John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt (1859-1937) was a part-Tuscarora streetcar conductor and schoolteacher before becoming secretary to Erminnie Smith (1836-1886) of the Bureau.
The United States no great unexplored region, and exploring expeditions are no longer needed for general purposes.... It is of the most immediate and pressing importance that a general survey should be m a d e for the purpose of determining the several areas which can... be redeemed by irrigation. B y the time of the 1878 Report on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United States, vested land interests in the West had attacked Powell and his fellow scientists as visionaries with no concept of the realities of opportunity in the n e w lands (Smith 1950, Stegner 1954).
Henry's support of these ethnological interests was probably instrumental in Powell's attainment of Congressional support. B y a clerical mistake, the n e w Survey was placed temporarily under the Smithsonian, where only its collections had been intended to go. B y 1874 w h e n the Survey returned to the jurisdiction of the Interior Department, Powell's interests had diverged even further from geology as then understood. H e w a s concerned with "the influence of the land on its inhabitants" whether Indian or white (Dupree 1857:202).